Arm-2D GPU

Arm-2D is not a GPU but an abstraction layer for 2D GPUs dedicated to Microcontrollers. It supports all Cortex-M processors ranging from Cortex-M0 to the latest Cortex-M85.

Arm-2D accelerates LVGL9 with two modes: Synchronous Mode and Asynchronous Mode. - When Helium and ACI (Arm Custom Instruction) are available, it is recommend

to use Synchronous Mode to accelerate LVGL.

  • When Arm-2D backed 2D-GPUs are available, for example, DMAC-350 based 2D GPUs, it is recommend to use Asynchronous Mode to accelerate LVGL.

Arm-2D is an open-source project on Github. For more, please refer to: https://github.com/ARM-software/Arm-2D.

How to Use

In general: - you can set the macro LV_USE_DRAW_ARM2D_SYNC to 1 and

LV_DRAW_SW_ASM to LV_DRAW_SW_ASM_HELIUM in lv_conf.h to enable Arm-2D synchronous acceleration for LVGL.

  • You can set the macro LV_USE_DRAW_ARM2D_ASYNC to 1 in lv_conf.h to enable Arm-2D Asynchronous acceleration for LVGL.

If you are using CMSIS-Pack to deploy the LVGL. You don't have to define the macro LV_USE_DRAW_ARM2D_SYNC manually, instead the lv_conf_cmsis.h will check the environment and set the LV_USE_DRAW_ARM2D_SYNC accordingly.

Design Considerations

As mentioned before, Arm-2D is an abstraction layer for 2D GPU; hence if there is no accelerator or dedicated instruction set (such as Helium or ACI) available for Arm-2D, it provides negligible performance boost for LVGL (sometimes worse) for regular Cortex-M processors.

We highly recommend you enable Arm-2D acceleration for LVGL when:

  • The target processors are Cortex-M55, Cortex-M52 and Cortex-M85

  • The target processors support Helium.

  • The device vendor provides an arm-2d compliant driver for their propriotory 2D accelerators and/or ACI(Arm Customized Instruction).

  • The target device contains DMAC-350