Base object (lv_obj)

Overview

The 'Base Object' implements the basic properties of widgets on a screen, such as:

  • coordinates

  • parent object

  • children

  • contains the styles

  • attributes like Clickable, Scrollable, etc.

In object-oriented thinking, it is the base class from which all other objects in LVGL are inherited.

The functions and functionalities of the Base object can be used with other widgets too. For example lv_obj_set_width(slider, 100)

The Base object can be directly used as a simple widget: it's nothing more than a rectangle. In HTML terms, think of it as a <div>.

Coordinates

Only a small subset of coordinate settings is described here. To see all the features of LVGL (padding, coordinates in styles, layouts, etc) visit the Coordinates page.

Size

The object size can be modified on individual axes with lv_obj_set_width(obj, new_width) and lv_obj_set_height(obj, new_height), or both axes can be modified at the same time with lv_obj_set_size(obj, new_width, new_height).

Position

You can set the position relative to the parent with lv_obj_set_x(obj, new_x) and lv_obj_set_y(obj, new_y), or both axes at the same time with lv_obj_set_pos(obj, new_x, new_y).

Alignment

You can align the object on its parent with lv_obj_set_align(obj, LV_ALIGN_...). After this every x and y setting will be relative to the set alignment mode. For example, this will shift the object by 10;20 px from the center of its parent:

lv_obj_set_align(obj, LV_ALIGN_CENTER);
lv_obj_set_pos(obj, 10, 20);

//Or in one function
lv_obj_align(obj, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 10, 20);

To align one object to another use: lv_obj_align_to(obj_to_align, obj_reference, LV_ALIGN_..., x, y)

For example, to align a text below an image: lv_obj_align_to(text, image, LV_ALIGN_OUT_BOTTOM_MID, 0, 10).

The following align types exist: image1

Parents and children

You can set a new parent for an object with lv_obj_set_parent(obj, new_parent). To get the current parent, use lv_obj_get_parent(obj).

To get a specific child of a parent use lv_obj_get_child(parent, idx). Some examples for idx:

  • 0 get the child created first

  • 1 get the child created second

  • -1 get the child created last

The children can be iterated like this:

uint32_t i;
for(i = 0; i < lv_obj_get_child_count(parent); i++) {
  lv_obj_t * child = lv_obj_get_child(parent, i);
  /*Do something with child*/
}

lv_obj_get_index(obj) returns the index of the object in its parent. It is equivalent to the number of younger children in the parent.

You can bring an object to the foreground or send it to the background with lv_obj_move_foreground(obj) and lv_obj_move_background(obj).

You can change the index of an object in its parent using lv_obj_move_to_index(obj, index).

You can swap the position of two objects with lv_obj_swap(obj1, obj2).

Display and Screens

At the highest level of the LVGL object hierarchy is the display which represents the driver for a display device (physical display or simulator). A display can have one or more screens associated with it. Each screen contains a hierarchy of objects for graphical widgets representing a layout that covers the entire display.

When you have created a screen like lv_obj_t * screen = lv_obj_create(NULL), you can make it active with lv_screen_load(screen). The lv_screen_active() function gives you a pointer to the active screen.

If you have multiple displays, it's important to know that the screen functions operate on the most recently created display or the one explicitly selected with lv_display_set_default().

To get an object's screen use the lv_obj_get_screen(obj) function.

Events

To set an event callback for an object, use lv_obj_add_event_cb(obj, event_cb, LV_EVENT_..., user_data),

To manually send an event to an object, use lv_event_send(obj, LV_EVENT_..., param)

Read the Event overview to learn more about events.

Styles

Be sure to read the Style overview. Here only the most essential functions are described.

A new style can be added to an object with the lv_obj_add_style(obj, &new_style, selector) function. selector is an ORed combination of part and state(s). E.g. LV_PART_SCROLLBAR | LV_STATE_PRESSED.

The base objects use LV_PART_MAIN style properties and LV_PART_SCROLLBAR with the typical background style properties.

Flags

There are some attributes which can be enabled/disabled by lv_obj_add/remove_flag(obj, LV_OBJ_FLAG_...) and lv_obj_set_flag(obj, LV_OBJ_FLAG_..., true/false)

Some examples:

/*Hide on object*/
lv_obj_add_flag(obj, LV_OBJ_FLAG_HIDDEN);

/*Make an object non-clickable*/
lv_obj_remove_flag(obj, LV_OBJ_FLAG_CLICKABLE);

Groups

Read the Input devices overview to learn more about Groups.

Objects are added to a group with lv_group_add_obj(group, obj), and you can use lv_obj_get_group(obj) to see which group an object belongs to.

lv_obj_is_focused(obj) returns if the object is currently focused on its group or not. If the object is not added to a group, false will be returned.

Extended click area

By default, the objects can be clicked only within their bounding area. However, this can be extended with lv_obj_set_ext_click_area(obj, size).

Events

Learn more about Events.

Keys

If LV_OBJ_FLAG_CHECKABLE is enabled, LV_KEY_RIGHT and LV_KEY_UP make the object checked, and LV_KEY_LEFT and LV_KEY_DOWN make it unchecked.

If LV_OBJ_FLAG_SCROLLABLE is enabled, but the object is not editable (as declared by the widget class), the arrow keys (LV_KEY_UP, LV_KEY_DOWN, LV_KEY_LEFT, LV_KEY_RIGHT) scroll the object. If the object can only scroll vertically, LV_KEY_LEFT and LV_KEY_RIGHT will scroll up/down instead, making it compatible with an encoder input device. See Input devices overview for more on encoder behaviors and the edit mode.

Learn more about Keys.

Example

Base objects with custom styles

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

void lv_example_obj_1(void)
{
    lv_obj_t * obj1;
    obj1 = lv_obj_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_set_size(obj1, 100, 50);
    lv_obj_align(obj1, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, -60, -30);

    static lv_style_t style_shadow;
    lv_style_init(&style_shadow);
    lv_style_set_shadow_width(&style_shadow, 10);
    lv_style_set_shadow_spread(&style_shadow, 5);
    lv_style_set_shadow_color(&style_shadow, lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_BLUE));

    lv_obj_t * obj2;
    obj2 = lv_obj_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_add_style(obj2, &style_shadow, 0);
    lv_obj_align(obj2, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 60, 30);
}
#endif

Make an object draggable

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static void drag_event_handler(lv_event_t * e)
{
    lv_obj_t * obj = lv_event_get_target(e);

    lv_indev_t * indev = lv_indev_active();
    if(indev == NULL)  return;

    lv_point_t vect;
    lv_indev_get_vect(indev, &vect);

    int32_t x = lv_obj_get_x_aligned(obj) + vect.x;
    int32_t y = lv_obj_get_y_aligned(obj) + vect.y;
    lv_obj_set_pos(obj, x, y);
}

/**
 * Make an object draggable.
 */
void lv_example_obj_2(void)
{
    lv_obj_t * obj;
    obj = lv_obj_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_set_size(obj, 150, 100);
    lv_obj_add_event_cb(obj, drag_event_handler, LV_EVENT_PRESSING, NULL);

    lv_obj_t * label = lv_label_create(obj);
    lv_label_set_text(label, "Drag me");
    lv_obj_center(label);

}
#endif

API

lv_types.h

lv_obj_event.h

lv_flex.h

lv_obj_class.h

lv_grid.h

lv_obj_pos.h

lv_obj_style.h

lv_observer.h

lv_obj.h

lv_api_map_v8.h

lv_obj_scroll.h

lv_obj_tree.h

lv_refr.h

lv_obj_style_gen.h

lv_obj_draw.h