Pinyin IME

Pinyin IME provides API to provide Chinese Pinyin input method (Chinese input) for keyboard object, which supports 26 key and 9 key input modes. You can think of lv_ime_pinyin as a Pinyin input method plug-in for keyboard objects.

Normally, an environment where lv_keyboard can run can also run lv_ime_pinyin. There are two main influencing factors: the size of the font file and the size of the dictionary.

中文

lv_ime_pinyin键盘组件提供汉语拼音输入法(中文输入)的功能(后文简称为拼音输入法),支持26键和9键输入模式。您可以将 lv_ime_pinyin 看成是键盘组件的汉语拼音输入法插件。

一般情况下,只要是键盘组件能运行的环境 lv_ime_pinyin 也能运行。有两个影响因素:字库的大小和词库的大小。

Usage

Enable LV_USE_IME_PINYIN in lv_conf.h.

First use lv_ime_pinyin_create(lv_scr_act()) to create a Pinyin input method plug-in, then use lv_ime_pinyin_set_keyboard(pinyin_ime, kb) to add the keyboard you created to the Pinyin input method plug-in. You can use lv_ime_pinyin_set_dict(pinyin_ime, your_dict) to use a custom dictionary (if you don't want to use the built-in dictionary at first, you can disable LV_IME_PINYIN_USE_DEFAULT_DICT in lv_conf.h, which can save a lot of memory space).

The built-in thesaurus is customized based on the LV_FONT_SIMSUN_16_CJK font library, which currently only has more than 1,000 most common CJK radicals, so it is recommended to use custom fonts and thesaurus.

In the process of using the Pinyin input method plug-in, you can change the keyboard and dictionary at any time.

中文

lv_conf.h 中打开 LV_USE_IME_PINYIN

首先,使用 lv_ime_pinyin_create(lv_scr_act()) 函数创建一个拼音输入法插件, 然后使用 lv_ime_pinyin_set_keyboard(pinyin_ime, kb) 函数将您创建的键盘组件添加到插件中。

内置的词库是基于 LVGL 的 LV_FONT_SIMSUN_16_CJK 字库定制,这个字库目前只有 1000 多个最常见的 CJK 部首,所以建议使用自定义字库和词库。

您可以使用 lv_ime_pinyin_set_dict(pinyin_ime, your_dict) 函数来设置使用自定义的词库,如果您一开始就不打算使用内置的词库,建议您在 lv_conf.h 中将 LV_IME_PINYIN_USE_DEFAULT_DICT 关闭,这可以节省一些内存空间。

Custom dictionary

If you don't want to use the built-in Pinyin dictionary, you can use the custom dictionary. Or if you think that the built-in phonetic dictionary consumes a lot of memory, you can also use a custom dictionary.

Customizing the dictionary is very simple.

First, set LV_IME_PINYIN_USE_DEFAULT_DICT to 0 in lv_conf.h

Then, write a dictionary in the following format.

中文

如果您不想使用内置的词库,可以通过下面的方法自定义词库。

自定义词典非常简单。 首先,在 lv_conf.hLV_IME_PINYIN_USE_DEFAULT_DICT 设置为 0。 然后按照下面的格式编写词库。

Dictionary format

The arrangement order of each pinyin syllable is very important. You need to customize your own thesaurus according to the Hanyu Pinyin syllable table. You can read here to learn about the Hanyu Pinyin syllables and the syllable table.

Then, write your own dictionary according to the following format:

中文

注意,各个拼音音节的排列顺序非常重要,您需要按照汉语拼音音节表定制自己的词库,可以阅读这里了解汉语拼音音节以及音节表

然后,根据下面的格式编写自己的词库:

lv_100ask_pinyin_dict_t your_pinyin_dict[] = {
            { "a", "啊阿呵吖" },
            { "ai", "埃挨哎唉哀皑蔼矮碍爱隘癌艾" },
            { "an", "按安暗岸俺案鞍氨胺厂广庵揞犴铵桉谙鹌埯黯" },
            { "ang", "昂肮盎仰" },
            { "ao", "凹敖熬翱袄傲奥懊澳" },
            { "ba", "芭捌叭吧笆八疤巴拔跋靶把坝霸罢爸扒耙" },
            { "bai", "白摆佰败拜柏百稗伯" },
            /* ...... */
            { "zuo", "昨左佐做作坐座撮琢柞"},
            {NULL, NULL}

The last item must end with {null, null} , or it will not work properly.

Apply new dictionary

After writing a dictionary according to the above dictionary format, you only need to call this function to set up and use your dictionary:

中文

按照上面的词库格式编写好自己的词库之后,参考下面的用法,调用 lv_100ask_pinyin_ime_set_dict(pinyin_ime, your_pinyin_dict) 函数即可设置和使用新词库:

    lv_obj_t * pinyin_ime = lv_100ask_pinyin_ime_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_100ask_pinyin_ime_set_dict(pinyin_ime, your_pinyin_dict);

Modes

The lv_ime_pinyin have the following modes:

  • LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K26 Pinyin 26 key input mode

  • LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9 Pinyin 9 key input mode

  • LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9_NUMBER Numeric keypad mode

The TEXT modes' layout contains buttons to change mode.

To set the mode manually, use lv_ime_pinyin_set_mode(pinyin_ime, mode) . The default mode is LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K26 .

中文

lv_ime_pinyin 有以下模式:

  • LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K26 拼音26键

  • LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9 拼音9键(九宫格)

  • LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9_NUMBER 九宫格布局的数字键盘

每个模式的布局中都包含有更改到其他模式的按钮。

您可以通过 lv_keyboard_set_mode(kb, mode) 函数手动设置模式。默认的模式是 LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K26

Example

Pinyin IME 26 key input

C code  

 GitHub
#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_LABEL && LV_USE_TEXTAREA && LV_FONT_SIMSUN_16_CJK && LV_USE_IME_PINYIN && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static void ta_event_cb(lv_event_t * e)
{
    lv_event_code_t code = lv_event_get_code(e);
    lv_obj_t * ta = lv_event_get_target(e);
    lv_obj_t * kb = lv_event_get_user_data(e);

    if(code == LV_EVENT_FOCUSED) {
        if(lv_indev_get_type(lv_indev_get_act()) != LV_INDEV_TYPE_KEYPAD) {
            lv_keyboard_set_textarea(kb, ta);
            lv_obj_clear_flag(kb, LV_OBJ_FLAG_HIDDEN);
        }
    }
    else if(code == LV_EVENT_CANCEL) {
        lv_obj_add_flag(kb, LV_OBJ_FLAG_HIDDEN);
        lv_obj_clear_state(ta, LV_STATE_FOCUSED);
        lv_indev_reset(NULL, ta);   /*To forget the last clicked object to make it focusable again*/
    }
}

void lv_example_ime_pinyin_1(void)
{
    lv_obj_t * pinyin_ime = lv_ime_pinyin_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_obj_set_style_text_font(pinyin_ime, &lv_font_simsun_16_cjk, 0);
    //lv_ime_pinyin_set_dict(pinyin_ime, your_dict); // Use a custom dictionary. If it is not set, the built-in dictionary will be used.

    /* ta1 */
    lv_obj_t * ta1 = lv_textarea_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_textarea_set_one_line(ta1, true);
    lv_obj_set_style_text_font(ta1, &lv_font_simsun_16_cjk, 0);
    lv_obj_align(ta1, LV_ALIGN_TOP_LEFT, 0, 0);

    /*Create a keyboard and add it to ime_pinyin*/
    lv_obj_t * kb = lv_keyboard_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_ime_pinyin_set_keyboard(pinyin_ime, kb);
    lv_keyboard_set_textarea(kb, ta1);

    lv_obj_add_event_cb(ta1, ta_event_cb, LV_EVENT_ALL, kb);

    /*Get the cand_panel, and adjust its size and position*/
    lv_obj_t * cand_panel = lv_ime_pinyin_get_cand_panel(pinyin_ime);
    lv_obj_set_size(cand_panel, LV_PCT(100), LV_PCT(10));
    lv_obj_align_to(cand_panel, kb, LV_ALIGN_OUT_TOP_MID, 0, 0);

    /*Try using ime_pinyin to output the Chinese below in the ta1 above*/
    lv_obj_t * cz_label = lv_label_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_label_set_text(cz_label,
                      "嵌入式系统(Embedded System),\n是一种嵌入机械或电气系统内部、具有专一功能和实时计算性能的计算机系统。");
    lv_obj_set_style_text_font(cz_label, &lv_font_simsun_16_cjk, 0);
    lv_obj_set_width(cz_label, 310);
    lv_obj_align_to(cz_label, ta1, LV_ALIGN_OUT_BOTTOM_LEFT, 0, 0);
}

#endif

MicroPython code  

 GitHub Simulator
Error encountered while trying to open /home/runner/work/lvgl/lvgl/examples/others/ime/lv_example_ime_pinyin_1.py

Pinyin IME 9 key input

C code  

 GitHub
#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_LABEL && LV_USE_TEXTAREA && LV_FONT_SIMSUN_16_CJK && LV_USE_IME_PINYIN && LV_IME_PINYIN_USE_K9_MODE && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static void ta_event_cb(lv_event_t * e)
{
    lv_event_code_t code = lv_event_get_code(e);
    lv_obj_t * ta = lv_event_get_target(e);
    lv_obj_t * kb = lv_event_get_user_data(e);

    if(code == LV_EVENT_FOCUSED) {
        if(lv_indev_get_type(lv_indev_get_act()) != LV_INDEV_TYPE_KEYPAD) {
            lv_keyboard_set_textarea(kb, ta);
            lv_obj_clear_flag(kb, LV_OBJ_FLAG_HIDDEN);
        }
    }
    else if(code == LV_EVENT_READY) {
        lv_obj_add_flag(kb, LV_OBJ_FLAG_HIDDEN);
        lv_obj_clear_state(ta, LV_STATE_FOCUSED);
        lv_indev_reset(NULL, ta);   /*To forget the last clicked object to make it focusable again*/
    }
}

void lv_example_ime_pinyin_2(void)
{
    lv_obj_t * pinyin_ime = lv_ime_pinyin_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_obj_set_style_text_font(pinyin_ime, &lv_font_simsun_16_cjk, 0);
    //lv_ime_pinyin_set_dict(pinyin_ime, your_dict); // Use a custom dictionary. If it is not set, the built-in dictionary will be used.

    /* ta1 */
    lv_obj_t * ta1 = lv_textarea_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_textarea_set_one_line(ta1, true);
    lv_obj_set_style_text_font(ta1, &lv_font_simsun_16_cjk, 0);
    lv_obj_align(ta1, LV_ALIGN_TOP_LEFT, 0, 0);

    /*Create a keyboard and add it to ime_pinyin*/
    lv_obj_t * kb = lv_keyboard_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_keyboard_set_textarea(kb, ta1);

    lv_ime_pinyin_set_keyboard(pinyin_ime, kb);
    lv_ime_pinyin_set_mode(pinyin_ime,
                           LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9);  // Set to 9-key input mode. Default: 26-key input(k26) mode.
    lv_obj_add_event_cb(ta1, ta_event_cb, LV_EVENT_ALL, kb);

    /*Get the cand_panel, and adjust its size and position*/
    lv_obj_t * cand_panel = lv_ime_pinyin_get_cand_panel(pinyin_ime);
    lv_obj_set_size(cand_panel, LV_PCT(100), LV_PCT(10));
    lv_obj_align_to(cand_panel, kb, LV_ALIGN_OUT_TOP_MID, 0, 0);

    /*Try using ime_pinyin to output the Chinese below in the ta1 above*/
    lv_obj_t * cz_label = lv_label_create(lv_scr_act());
    lv_label_set_text(cz_label,
                      "嵌入式系统(Embedded System),\n是一种嵌入机械或电气系统内部、具有专一功能和实时计算性能的计算机系统。");
    lv_obj_set_style_text_font(cz_label, &lv_font_simsun_16_cjk, 0);
    lv_obj_set_width(cz_label, 310);
    lv_obj_align_to(cz_label, ta1, LV_ALIGN_OUT_BOTTOM_LEFT, 0, 0);
}

#endif

MicroPython code  

 GitHub Simulator
Error encountered while trying to open /home/runner/work/lvgl/lvgl/examples/others/ime/lv_example_ime_pinyin_2.py

API

Enums

enum lv_ime_pinyin_mode_t

Values:

enumerator LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K26
enumerator LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9
enumerator LV_IME_PINYIN_MODE_K9_NUMBER

Functions

lv_obj_t *lv_ime_pinyin_create(lv_obj_t *parent)
void lv_ime_pinyin_set_keyboard(lv_obj_t *obj, lv_obj_t *kb)

Set the keyboard of Pinyin input method.

Parameters
  • obj -- pointer to a Pinyin input method object

  • dict -- pointer to a Pinyin input method keyboard

void lv_ime_pinyin_set_dict(lv_obj_t *obj, lv_pinyin_dict_t *dict)

Set the dictionary of Pinyin input method.

Parameters
  • obj -- pointer to a Pinyin input method object

  • dict -- pointer to a Pinyin input method dictionary

void lv_ime_pinyin_set_mode(lv_obj_t *obj, lv_ime_pinyin_mode_t mode)

Set mode, 26-key input(k26) or 9-key input(k9).

Parameters
  • obj -- pointer to a Pinyin input method object

  • mode -- the mode from 'lv_ime_pinyin_mode_t'

lv_obj_t *lv_ime_pinyin_get_kb(lv_obj_t *obj)

Set the dictionary of Pinyin input method.

Parameters

obj -- pointer to a Pinyin IME object

Returns

pointer to the Pinyin IME keyboard

lv_obj_t *lv_ime_pinyin_get_cand_panel(lv_obj_t *obj)

Set the dictionary of Pinyin input method.

Parameters

obj -- pointer to a Pinyin input method object

Returns

pointer to the Pinyin input method candidate panel

lv_pinyin_dict_t *lv_ime_pinyin_get_dict(lv_obj_t *obj)

Set the dictionary of Pinyin input method.

Parameters

obj -- pointer to a Pinyin input method object

Returns

pointer to the Pinyin input method dictionary

struct lv_pinyin_dict_t

Public Members

const char *const py
const char *const py_mb
struct ime_pinyin_k9_py_str_t

Public Members

char py_str[7]
struct lv_ime_pinyin_t

Public Members

lv_obj_t obj
lv_obj_t *kb
lv_obj_t *cand_panel
lv_pinyin_dict_t *dict
char *cand_str
char input_char[16]
char k9_input_str[LV_IME_PINYIN_K9_MAX_INPUT]
uint16_t k9_py_ll_pos
uint16_t k9_input_str_len
uint16_t ta_count
uint16_t cand_num
uint16_t py_page
uint16_t py_num[26]
uint16_t py_pos[26]
lv_ime_pinyin_mode_t mode