What is NuttX?¶
NuttX is a mature and secure real-time operating system (RTOS) with an emphasis on technical standards compliance and small size. It is scalable from 8-bit to 64-bit microcontroller and microprocessors. Complaint with the Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX) and the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) standards and with many Linux-like subsystems. The best way to think about NuttX is thinking about a small Unix/Linux for microcontrollers.
Highlights of NuttX¶
Small - Fits and runs within small microcontroller as small was 32KB Flash and 8KB of RAM.
Compliant - Strives to be as compatible as possible with POSIX and Linux.
Versatile - Supports many architectures (ARM, ARM Thumb, AVR, MIPS, OpenRISC, RISC-V 32-bit and 64-bit, RX65N, x86-64, Xtensa, Z80/Z180, etc).
Modular - Its modular design allow developers to select only what really matters and use modules to include new features.
Popular - NuttX is used by many companies around the world. Probably you already used a product with NuttX without knowing it was running NuttX.
Predictable - NuttX is a preemptible Realtime kernel, then you can use it to create predictable applications for realtime control.
Why NuttX + LVGL?¶
Although NuttX has its own graphic library called NX, LVGL is a good alternative because users could find more eyes-candy demos and reuse it from previous projects. LVGL is an Object Oriented Component Based high-level GUI library, that could fit very well for a RTOS with advanced features like NuttX. LVGL is implemented in C and its APIs are in C.
Here are some advantages of using LVGL in NuttX¶
Develop GUI in Linux first and when it is done just compile it for NuttX, nothing more, no wasting of time.
Usually, GUI development for low level RTOS requires multiple iterations to get things right. Where each iteration consists of
Run. Using LVGL, Linux and NuttX you can reduce this process and just test everything on your computer and when it is done, compile it on NuttX and that is it.
NuttX + LVGL could be used for¶
GUI demos to demonstrate your board graphics capacities.
Fast prototyping GUI for MVP (Minimum Viable Product) presentation.
Easy way to visualize sensors data directly on the board without using a computer.
Final products GUI without touchscreen (i.e. 3D Printer Interface using Rotary Encoder to Input data).
Final products interface with touchscren (and bells and whistles).
How to get started with NuttX and LVGL?¶
There are many boards in the NuttX mainline (https://github.com/apache/incubator-nuttx) with support for LVGL. Let's to use the STM32F429IDISCOVERY as example because it is a very popular board.
First you need to install the pre-requisite on your system¶
Let's to use Linux and example, for Windows
$ sudo apt-get install automake bison build-essential flex gcc-arm-none-eabi gperf git libncurses5-dev libtool libusb-dev libusb-1.0.0-dev pkg-config kconfig-frontends openocd
Now let's to create a workspace to save our files¶
$ mkdir ~/nuttxspace $ cd ~/nuttxspace
Clone the NuttX and Apps repositories:¶
$ git clone https://github.com/apache/incubator-nuttx nuttx $ git clone https://github.com/apache/incubator-nuttx-apps apps
Configure NuttX to use the stm32f429i-disco board and the LVGL Demo¶
$ ./tools/configure.sh stm32f429i-disco:lvgl $ make
If everything went fine you should have now the file
nuttx.bin to flash on your board:
$ ls -l nuttx.bin -rwxrwxr-x 1 alan alan 287144 Jun 27 09:26 nuttx.bin
Flashing the firmware in the board using OpenOCD:¶
$ sudo openocd -f interface/stlink-v2.cfg -f target/stm32f4x.cfg -c init -c "reset halt" -c "flash write_image erase nuttx.bin 0x08000000"
Reset the board and using the 'NSH>' terminal start the LVGL demo: