Canvas (lv_canvas)

Overview

A Canvas inherites from Image where the user can draw anything. Rectangles, texts, images, lines arcs can be drawn here using lvgl's drawing engine. Besides some "effects" can be applied as well like rotation, zoom and blur.

Parts and Styles

The Canvas has on one main part called LV_CANVAS_PART_MAIN and only the image_recolor property is used to give a color to LV_IMG_CF_ALPHA_1/2/4/8BIT images.

Usage

Buffer

The Canvas needs a buffer which stores the drawn image. To assign a buffer to a Canvas, use lv_canvas_set_buffer(canvas, buffer, width, height, LV_IMG_CF_...). Where buffer is a static buffer (not just a local variable) to hold the image of the canvas. For example, static lv_color_t buffer[LV_CANVAS_BUF_SIZE_TRUE_COLOR(width, height)]. LV_CANVAS_BUF_SIZE_... macros help to determine the size of the buffer with different color formats.

The canvas supports all the built-in color formats like LV_IMG_CF_TRUE_COLOR or LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED_2BIT. See the full list in the Color formats section.

Palette

For LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED_... color formats, a palette needs to be initialized with lv_canvas_set_palette(canvas, 3, LV_COLOR_RED). It sets pixels with index=3 to red.

Drawing

To set a pixel on the canvas, use lv_canvas_set_px(canvas, x, y, LV_COLOR_RED). With LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED_... or LV_IMG_CF_ALPHA_..., the index of the color or the alpha value needs to be passed as color. E.g. lv_color_t c; c.full = 3;

lv_canvas_fill_bg(canvas, LV_COLOR_BLUE, LV_OPA_50) fills the whole canvas to blue with 50% opacity. Note that, if the current color format doesn't support colors (e.g. LV_IMG_CF_ALPHA_2BIT) teh color will be ignored. Similarly, if opacity is not supported (e.g. LV_IMG_CF_TRUE_COLOR) it will be ignored.

An array of pixels can be copied to the canvas with lv_canvas_copy_buf(canvas, buffer_to_copy, x, y, width, height). The color format of the buffer and the canvas need to match.

To draw something to the canvas use

  • lv_canvas_draw_rect(canvas, x, y, width, heigth, &draw_dsc)

  • lv_canvas_draw_text(canvas, x, y, max_width, &draw_dsc, txt, LV_LABEL_ALIGN_LEFT/CENTER/RIGHT)

  • lv_canvas_draw_img(canvas, x, y, &img_src, &draw_dsc)

  • lv_canvas_draw_line(canvas, point_array, point_cnt, &draw_dsc)

  • lv_canvas_draw_polygon(canvas, points_array, point_cnt, &draw_dsc)

  • lv_canvas_draw_arc(canvas, x, y, radius, start_angle, end_angle, &draw_dsc)

draw_dsc is a lv_draw_rect/label/img/line_dsc_t variable which should be first initialized with lv_draw_rect/label/img/line_dsc_init() function and then it's filed should be modified with the desired colors and other values.

The draw function can draw to any color format. For example, it's possible to draw a text to an LV_IMG_VF_ALPHA_8BIT canvas and use the result image as a mask in lv_objmask later.

Transformations

lv_canvas_transform() can be used to rotate and/or scale the image of an image and store the result on the canvas. The function needs the following parameters:

  • canvas pointer to a canvas object to store the result of the transformation.

  • img pointer to an image descriptor to transform. Can be the image descriptor of an other canvas too (lv_canvas_get_img()).

  • angle the angle of rotation (0..3600), 0.1 deg resolution

  • zoom zoom factor (256 no zoom, 512 double size, 128 half size);

  • offset_x offset X to tell where to put the result data on destination canvas

  • offset_y offset X to tell where to put the result data on destination canvas

  • pivot_x pivot X of rotation. Relative to the source canvas. Set to source width / 2 to rotate around the center

  • pivot_y pivot Y of rotation. Relative to the source canvas. Set to source height / 2 to rotate around the center

  • antialias true: apply anti-aliasing during the transformation. Looks better but slower.

Note that a canvas can't be rotated on itself. You need a source and destination canvas or image.

Blur

A given area of the canvas can be blurred horizontally with lv_canvas_blur_hor(canvas, &area, r) to vertically with lv_canvas_blur_ver(canvas, &area, r). r is the radius of the blur (greater value means more intensive burring). area is the area where the blur should be applied (interpreted relative to the canvas)

Events

As default the clicking of a canvas is disabled (inherited by Image) and therefore no events are generated.

If clicking is enabled (lv_obj_set_click(canvas, true)) only the Generic events are sent by the object type.

Learn more about Events.

Keys

No Keys are processed by the object type.

Learn more about Keys.

Example

C

Drawing on the Canvas and rotate

Simple Canvas example in LittlevGL

code

#include "../../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_CANVAS


#define CANVAS_WIDTH  200
#define CANVAS_HEIGHT  150

void lv_ex_canvas_1(void)
{
    lv_draw_rect_dsc_t rect_dsc;
    lv_draw_rect_dsc_init(&rect_dsc);
    rect_dsc.radius = 10;
    rect_dsc.bg_opa = LV_OPA_COVER;
    rect_dsc.bg_grad_dir = LV_GRAD_DIR_HOR;
    rect_dsc.bg_color = LV_COLOR_RED;
    rect_dsc.bg_grad_color = LV_COLOR_BLUE;
    rect_dsc.border_width = 2;
    rect_dsc.border_opa = LV_OPA_90;
    rect_dsc.border_color = LV_COLOR_WHITE;
    rect_dsc.shadow_width = 5;
    rect_dsc.shadow_ofs_x = 5;
    rect_dsc.shadow_ofs_y = 5;

    lv_draw_label_dsc_t label_dsc;
    lv_draw_label_dsc_init(&label_dsc);
    label_dsc.color = LV_COLOR_YELLOW;

    static lv_color_t cbuf[LV_CANVAS_BUF_SIZE_TRUE_COLOR(CANVAS_WIDTH, CANVAS_HEIGHT)];

    lv_obj_t * canvas = lv_canvas_create(lv_scr_act(), NULL);
    lv_canvas_set_buffer(canvas, cbuf, CANVAS_WIDTH, CANVAS_HEIGHT, LV_IMG_CF_TRUE_COLOR);
    lv_obj_align(canvas, NULL, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, 0);
    lv_canvas_fill_bg(canvas, LV_COLOR_SILVER, LV_OPA_COVER);

    lv_canvas_draw_rect(canvas, 70, 60, 100, 70, &rect_dsc);

    lv_canvas_draw_text(canvas, 40, 20, 100, &label_dsc, "Some text on text canvas", LV_LABEL_ALIGN_LEFT);

    /* Test the rotation. It requires an other buffer where the orignal image is stored.
     * So copy the current image to buffer and rotate it to the canvas */
    static lv_color_t cbuf_tmp[CANVAS_WIDTH * CANVAS_HEIGHT];
    memcpy(cbuf_tmp, cbuf, sizeof(cbuf_tmp));
    lv_img_dsc_t img;
    img.data = (void *)cbuf_tmp;
    img.header.cf = LV_IMG_CF_TRUE_COLOR;
    img.header.w = CANVAS_WIDTH;
    img.header.h = CANVAS_HEIGHT;

    lv_canvas_fill_bg(canvas, LV_COLOR_SILVER, LV_OPA_COVER);
    lv_canvas_transform(canvas, &img, 30, LV_IMG_ZOOM_NONE, 0, 0, CANVAS_WIDTH / 2, CANVAS_HEIGHT / 2, true);
}

#endif

Transparent Canvas with chroma keying

Handle transparency on a canvas with indexed color format

code

#include "../../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_CANVAS

#define CANVAS_WIDTH  50
#define CANVAS_HEIGHT  50

/**
 * Create a transparent canvas with Chroma keying and indexed color format (palette).
 */
void lv_ex_canvas_2(void)
{
    /*Create a button to better see the transparency*/
    lv_btn_create(lv_scr_act(), NULL);

    /*Create a buffer for the canvas*/
    static lv_color_t cbuf[LV_CANVAS_BUF_SIZE_INDEXED_1BIT(CANVAS_WIDTH, CANVAS_HEIGHT)];

    /*Create a canvas and initialize its the palette*/
    lv_obj_t * canvas = lv_canvas_create(lv_scr_act(), NULL);
    lv_canvas_set_buffer(canvas, cbuf, CANVAS_WIDTH, CANVAS_HEIGHT, LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED_1BIT);
    lv_canvas_set_palette(canvas, 0, LV_COLOR_TRANSP);
    lv_canvas_set_palette(canvas, 1, LV_COLOR_RED);

    /*Create colors with the indices of the palette*/
    lv_color_t c0;
    lv_color_t c1;

    c0.full = 0;
    c1.full = 1;

    /*Transparent background*/
    lv_canvas_fill_bg(canvas, c1, LV_OPA_TRANSP);

    /*Create hole on the canvas*/
    uint32_t x;
    uint32_t y;
    for( y = 10; y < 30; y++) {
        for( x = 5; x < 20; x++) {
            lv_canvas_set_px(canvas, x, y, c0);
        }
    }

}
#endif

MicroPython

No examples yet.

API

Typedefs

typedef uint8_t lv_canvas_part_t

Enums

enum [anonymous]

Values:

enumerator LV_CANVAS_PART_MAIN

Functions

lv_obj_t *lv_canvas_create(lv_obj_t *par, const lv_obj_t *copy)

Create a canvas object

Return

pointer to the created canvas

Parameters
  • par: pointer to an object, it will be the parent of the new canvas

  • copy: pointer to a canvas object, if not NULL then the new object will be copied from it

void lv_canvas_set_buffer(lv_obj_t *canvas, void *buf, lv_coord_t w, lv_coord_t h, lv_img_cf_t cf)

Set a buffer for the canvas.

Parameters
  • buf: a buffer where the content of the canvas will be. The required size is (lv_img_color_format_get_px_size(cf) * w) / 8 * h) It can be allocated with lv_mem_alloc() or it can be statically allocated array (e.g. static lv_color_t buf[100*50]) or it can be an address in RAM or external SRAM

  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • w: width of the canvas

  • h: height of the canvas

  • cf: color format. LV_IMG_CF_...

void lv_canvas_set_px(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y, lv_color_t c)

Set the color of a pixel on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas:

  • x: x coordinate of the point to set

  • y: x coordinate of the point to set

  • c: color of the point

void lv_canvas_set_palette(lv_obj_t *canvas, uint8_t id, lv_color_t c)

Set the palette color of a canvas with index format. Valid only for LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED1/2/4/8

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to canvas object

  • id: the palette color to set:

    • for LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED1: 0..1

    • for LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED2: 0..3

    • for LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED4: 0..15

    • for LV_IMG_CF_INDEXED8: 0..255

  • c: the color to set

lv_color_t lv_canvas_get_px(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y)

Get the color of a pixel on the canvas

Return

color of the point

Parameters
  • canvas:

  • x: x coordinate of the point to set

  • y: x coordinate of the point to set

lv_img_dsc_t *lv_canvas_get_img(lv_obj_t *canvas)

Get the image of the canvas as a pointer to an lv_img_dsc_t variable.

Return

pointer to the image descriptor.

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

void lv_canvas_copy_buf(lv_obj_t *canvas, const void *to_copy, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y, lv_coord_t w, lv_coord_t h)

Copy a buffer to the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • to_copy: buffer to copy. The color format has to match with the canvas's buffer color format

  • x: left side of the destination position

  • y: top side of the destination position

  • w: width of the buffer to copy

  • h: height of the buffer to copy

void lv_canvas_transform(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_img_dsc_t *img, int16_t angle, uint16_t zoom, lv_coord_t offset_x, lv_coord_t offset_y, int32_t pivot_x, int32_t pivot_y, bool antialias)

Transform and image and store the result on a canvas.

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object to store the result of the transformation.

  • img: pointer to an image descriptor to transform. Can be the image descriptor of an other canvas too (lv_canvas_get_img()).

  • angle: the angle of rotation (0..3600), 0.1 deg resolution

  • zoom: zoom factor (256 no zoom);

  • offset_x: offset X to tell where to put the result data on destination canvas

  • offset_y: offset X to tell where to put the result data on destination canvas

  • pivot_x: pivot X of rotation. Relative to the source canvas Set to source width / 2 to rotate around the center

  • pivot_y: pivot Y of rotation. Relative to the source canvas Set to source height / 2 to rotate around the center

  • antialias: apply anti-aliasing during the transformation. Looks better but slower.

void lv_canvas_blur_hor(lv_obj_t *canvas, const lv_area_t *area, uint16_t r)

Apply horizontal blur on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • area: the area to blur. If NULL the whole canvas will be blurred.

  • r: radius of the blur

void lv_canvas_blur_ver(lv_obj_t *canvas, const lv_area_t *area, uint16_t r)

Apply vertical blur on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • area: the area to blur. If NULL the whole canvas will be blurred.

  • r: radius of the blur

void lv_canvas_fill_bg(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_color_t color, lv_opa_t opa)

Fill the canvas with color

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas

  • color: the background color

  • opa: the desired opacity

void lv_canvas_draw_rect(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y, lv_coord_t w, lv_coord_t h, const lv_draw_rect_dsc_t *rect_dsc)

Draw a rectangle on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • x: left coordinate of the rectangle

  • y: top coordinate of the rectangle

  • w: width of the rectangle

  • h: height of the rectangle

  • rect_dsc: descriptor of the rectangle

void lv_canvas_draw_text(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y, lv_coord_t max_w, lv_draw_label_dsc_t *label_draw_dsc, const char *txt, lv_label_align_t align)

Draw a text on the canvas.

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • x: left coordinate of the text

  • y: top coordinate of the text

  • max_w: max width of the text. The text will be wrapped to fit into this size

  • label_draw_dsc: pointer to a valid label descriptor lv_draw_label_dsc_t

  • txt: text to display

  • align: align of the text (LV_LABEL_ALIGN_LEFT/RIGHT/CENTER)

void lv_canvas_draw_img(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y, const void *src, const lv_draw_img_dsc_t *img_draw_dsc)

Draw an image on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • x: left coordinate of the image

  • y: top coordinate of the image

  • src: image source. Can be a pointer an lv_img_dsc_t variable or a path an image.

  • img_draw_dsc: pointer to a valid label descriptor lv_draw_img_dsc_t

void lv_canvas_draw_line(lv_obj_t *canvas, const lv_point_t points[], uint32_t point_cnt, const lv_draw_line_dsc_t *line_draw_dsc)

Draw a line on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • points: point of the line

  • point_cnt: number of points

  • line_draw_dsc: pointer to an initialized lv_draw_line_dsc_t variable

void lv_canvas_draw_polygon(lv_obj_t *canvas, const lv_point_t points[], uint32_t point_cnt, const lv_draw_rect_dsc_t *poly_draw_dsc)

Draw a polygon on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • points: point of the polygon

  • point_cnt: number of points

  • poly_draw_dsc: pointer to an initialized lv_draw_rect_dsc_t variable

void lv_canvas_draw_arc(lv_obj_t *canvas, lv_coord_t x, lv_coord_t y, lv_coord_t r, int32_t start_angle, int32_t end_angle, const lv_draw_line_dsc_t *arc_draw_dsc)

Draw an arc on the canvas

Parameters
  • canvas: pointer to a canvas object

  • x: origo x of the arc

  • y: origo y of the arc

  • r: radius of the arc

  • start_angle: start angle in degrees

  • end_angle: end angle in degrees

  • arc_draw_dsc: pointer to an initialized lv_draw_line_dsc_t variable

struct lv_canvas_ext_t

Public Members

lv_img_ext_t img
lv_img_dsc_t dsc