[中文]

Image (lv_image)

Overview

Images are the basic object to display images from flash (as arrays) or from files. Images can display symbols (LV_SYMBOL_...) too.

Using the Image decoder interface custom image formats can be supported as well.

Parts and Styles

  • LV_PART_MAIN A background rectangle that uses the typical background style properties and the image itself using the image style properties.

Usage

Image source

To provide maximum flexibility, the source of the image can be:

  • a variable in code (a C array with the pixels).

  • a file stored externally (e.g. on an SD card).

  • a text with Symbols.

To set the source of an image, use lv_image_set_src(img, src).

To generate a pixel array from a PNG, JPG or BMP image, use the Online image converter tool and set the converted image with its pointer lv_image_set_src(img1, &converted_img_var) To make the variable visible in the C file, you need to declare it with :cpp:macro:`LV_IMAGE_DECLARE(converted_img_var)`.

To use external files, you also need to convert the image files using the online converter tool but now you should select the binary output format. You also need to use LVGL's file system module and register a driver with some functions for the basic file operation. Go to the File system to learn more. To set an image sourced from a file, use lv_image_set_src(img, "S:folder1/my_img.bin").

You can also set a symbol similarly to Labels. In this case, the image will be rendered as text according to the font specified in the style. It enables to use of light-weight monochrome "letters" instead of real images. You can set symbol like lv_image_set_src(img1, LV_SYMBOL_OK).

Label as an image

Images and labels are sometimes used to convey the same thing. For example, to describe what a button does. Therefore, images and labels are somewhat interchangeable, that is the images can display texts by using LV_SYMBOL_DUMMY as the prefix of the text. For example, lv_image_set_src(img, LV_SYMBOL_DUMMY, "Some text").

Transparency

The internal (variable) and external images support 2 transparency handling methods:

  • Alpha byte: An alpha byte is added to every pixel that contains the pixel's opacity

Palette and Alpha index

Besides the True color (RGB) color format, the following formats are supported:

  • Indexed: Image has a palette.

  • Alpha indexed: Only alpha values are stored.

These options can be selected in the image converter. To learn more about the color formats, read the Images section.

Recolor

A color can be mixed with every pixel of an image with a given intensity. This can be useful to show different states (checked, inactive, pressed, etc.) of an image without storing more versions of the same image. This feature can be enabled in the style by setting img_recolor_opa between LV_OPA_TRANSP (no recolor, value: 0) and LV_OPA_COVER (full recolor, value: 255). The default value is LV_OPA_TRANSP so this feature is disabled.

The color to mix is set by img_recolor.

Offset

With lv_image_set_offset_x(img, x_ofs) and lv_image_set_offset_y(img, y_ofs), you can add some offset to the displayed image. Useful if the object size is smaller than the image source size. Using the offset parameter a Texture atlas or a "running image" effect can be created by Animating the x or y offset.

Transformations

Using the lv_image_set_scale(img, factor) the images will be zoomed. Set factor to 256 or LV_SCALE_NONE to disable zooming. A larger value enlarges the images (e.g. 512 double size), a smaller value shrinks it (e.g. 128 half size). Fractional scale works as well. E.g. 281 for 10% enlargement.

lv_image_set_scale_x(img, factor) and lv_image_set_scale_y(img, factor) also can be used to the scale independently horizontally and vertically (non-uniform scale).

To rotate the image use lv_image_set_rotation(img, angle). Angle has 0.1 degree precision, so for 45.8° set 458.

By default, the pivot point of the rotation is the center of the image. It can be changed with lv_image_set_pivot(img, pivot_x, pivot_y). 0;0 is the top left corner.

The quality of the transformation can be adjusted with lv_image_set_antialias(img, true). With enabled anti-aliasing the transformations are higher quality but slower.

The transformations require the whole image to be available. Therefore indexed images (LV_COLOR_FORMAT_I1/2/4/8_...), alpha only images cannot be transformed. In other words transformations work only on normal (A)RGB or A8 images stored as C array, or if a custom Image decoder returns the whole image.

Note that the real coordinates of image objects won't change during transformation. That is lv_obj_get_width / height / x / y() will return the original, non-zoomed coordinates.

IMPORTANT The transformation of the image is independent of the transformation properties coming from styles. (See here). The main differences are that pure image widget transformation

  • doesn't transform the children of the image widget

  • image is transformed directly without creating an intermediate layer (buffer) to snapshot the widget

Inner align

By default the image widget's width and height is LV_SIZE_CONTENT. It means that the widget will be sized automatically according to the image source.

If the widget's width or height is set the larger value the inner_align property tells how to align the image source inside the widget.

The alignment set any of these:

The offset value is applied after the image source is aligned. For example setting an y=-10 and LV_IMAGE_ALIGN_CENTER will move the image source up a little bit from the center of the widget.

Or to automatically scale or tile the image

The alignment can be set by lv_image_set_inner_align()

Events

No special events are sent by image objects.

See the events of the Base object too.

Learn more about Events.

Keys

No Keys are processed by the object type.

Learn more about Keys.

Example

[中文]

Image from variable and symbol

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_IMAGE && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

void lv_example_image_1(void)
{
    LV_IMAGE_DECLARE(img_cogwheel_argb);
    lv_obj_t * img1 = lv_image_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_image_set_src(img1, &img_cogwheel_argb);
    lv_obj_align(img1, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, 0);

    lv_obj_t * img2 = lv_image_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_image_set_src(img2, LV_SYMBOL_OK "Accept");
    lv_obj_align_to(img2, img1, LV_ALIGN_OUT_BOTTOM_MID, 0, 20);
}

#endif

Image recoloring

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_IMAGE && LV_USE_SLIDER && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static lv_obj_t * create_slider(lv_color_t color);
static void slider_event_cb(lv_event_t * e);

static lv_obj_t * red_slider, * green_slider, * blue_slider, * intense_slider;
static lv_obj_t * img1;

/**
 * Demonstrate runtime image re-coloring
 */
void lv_example_image_2(void)
{
    /*Create 4 sliders to adjust RGB color and re-color intensity*/
    red_slider = create_slider(lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_RED));
    green_slider = create_slider(lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_GREEN));
    blue_slider = create_slider(lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_BLUE));
    intense_slider = create_slider(lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_GREY));

    lv_slider_set_value(red_slider, LV_OPA_20, LV_ANIM_OFF);
    lv_slider_set_value(green_slider, LV_OPA_90, LV_ANIM_OFF);
    lv_slider_set_value(blue_slider, LV_OPA_60, LV_ANIM_OFF);
    lv_slider_set_value(intense_slider, LV_OPA_50, LV_ANIM_OFF);

    lv_obj_align(red_slider, LV_ALIGN_LEFT_MID, 25, 0);
    lv_obj_align_to(green_slider, red_slider, LV_ALIGN_OUT_RIGHT_MID, 25, 0);
    lv_obj_align_to(blue_slider, green_slider, LV_ALIGN_OUT_RIGHT_MID, 25, 0);
    lv_obj_align_to(intense_slider, blue_slider, LV_ALIGN_OUT_RIGHT_MID, 25, 0);

    /*Now create the actual image*/
    LV_IMAGE_DECLARE(img_cogwheel_argb);
    img1 = lv_image_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_image_set_src(img1, &img_cogwheel_argb);
    lv_obj_align(img1, LV_ALIGN_RIGHT_MID, -20, 0);

    lv_obj_send_event(intense_slider, LV_EVENT_VALUE_CHANGED, NULL);
}

static void slider_event_cb(lv_event_t * e)
{
    LV_UNUSED(e);

    /*Recolor the image based on the sliders' values*/
    lv_color_t color  = lv_color_make(lv_slider_get_value(red_slider), lv_slider_get_value(green_slider),
                                      lv_slider_get_value(blue_slider));
    lv_opa_t intense = lv_slider_get_value(intense_slider);
    lv_obj_set_style_image_recolor_opa(img1, intense, 0);
    lv_obj_set_style_image_recolor(img1, color, 0);
}

static lv_obj_t * create_slider(lv_color_t color)
{
    lv_obj_t * slider = lv_slider_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_slider_set_range(slider, 0, 255);
    lv_obj_set_size(slider, 10, 200);
    lv_obj_set_style_bg_color(slider, color, LV_PART_KNOB);
    lv_obj_set_style_bg_color(slider, lv_color_darken(color, LV_OPA_40), LV_PART_INDICATOR);
    lv_obj_add_event_cb(slider, slider_event_cb, LV_EVENT_VALUE_CHANGED, NULL);
    return slider;
}

#endif

Rotate and zoom

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_IMAGE && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static void set_angle(void * img, int32_t v)
{
    lv_image_set_rotation(img, v);
}

static void set_scale(void * img, int32_t v)
{
    lv_image_set_scale(img, v);
}

/**
 * Show transformations (zoom and rotation) using a pivot point.
 */
void lv_example_image_3(void)
{
    LV_IMAGE_DECLARE(img_cogwheel_argb);

    /*Now create the actual image*/
    lv_obj_t * img = lv_image_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_image_set_src(img, &img_cogwheel_argb);
    lv_obj_align(img, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 50, 50);
    lv_image_set_pivot(img, 0, 0);    /*Rotate around the top left corner*/

    lv_anim_t a;
    lv_anim_init(&a);
    lv_anim_set_var(&a, img);
    lv_anim_set_exec_cb(&a, set_angle);
    lv_anim_set_values(&a, 0, 3600);
    lv_anim_set_duration(&a, 5000);
    lv_anim_set_repeat_count(&a, LV_ANIM_REPEAT_INFINITE);
    lv_anim_start(&a);

    lv_anim_set_exec_cb(&a, set_scale);
    lv_anim_set_values(&a, 128, 256);
    lv_anim_set_playback_duration(&a, 3000);
    lv_anim_start(&a);
}

#endif

Image offset and styling

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_IMAGE && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static void ofs_y_anim(void * img, int32_t v)
{
    lv_image_set_offset_y(img, v);
}

/**
 * Image styling and offset
 */
void lv_example_image_4(void)
{
    LV_IMAGE_DECLARE(img_skew_strip);

    static lv_style_t style;
    lv_style_init(&style);
    lv_style_set_bg_color(&style, lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_YELLOW));
    lv_style_set_bg_opa(&style, LV_OPA_COVER);
    lv_style_set_image_recolor_opa(&style, LV_OPA_COVER);
    lv_style_set_image_recolor(&style, lv_color_black());

    lv_obj_t * img = lv_image_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_add_style(img, &style, 0);
    lv_image_set_src(img, &img_skew_strip);
    lv_obj_set_size(img, 150, 100);
    lv_obj_center(img);

    lv_anim_t a;
    lv_anim_init(&a);
    lv_anim_set_var(&a, img);
    lv_anim_set_exec_cb(&a, ofs_y_anim);
    lv_anim_set_values(&a, 0, 100);
    lv_anim_set_duration(&a, 3000);
    lv_anim_set_playback_duration(&a, 500);
    lv_anim_set_repeat_count(&a, LV_ANIM_REPEAT_INFINITE);
    lv_anim_start(&a);

}

#endif

API

lv_draw_image.h

lv_image_dsc.h

lv_image_cache.h

lv_image_header_cache.h

lv_image.h

lv_types.h

lv_api_map_v9_0.h

lv_draw_buf.h

lv_image_decoder.h

lv_api_map_v8.h