Button (lv_button)

Overview

Buttons have no new features compared to the Base object. They are useful for semantic purposes and have slightly different default settings.

Buttons, by default, differ from Base object in the following ways: - Not scrollable - Added to the default group - Default height and width set to LV_SIZE_CONTENT

Parts and Styles

  • LV_PART_MAIN The background of the button. Uses the typical background style properties.

Usage

There are no new features compared to Base object.

Events

Learn more about Events.

Keys

Note that the state of LV_KEY_ENTER is translated to LV_EVENT_PRESSED, LV_EVENT_PRESSING and LV_EVENT_RELEASED etc.

See the events of the Base object too.

Learn more about Keys.

Example

Simple Buttons

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_BUTTON && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

static void event_handler(lv_event_t * e)
{
    lv_event_code_t code = lv_event_get_code(e);

    if(code == LV_EVENT_CLICKED) {
        LV_LOG_USER("Clicked");
    }
    else if(code == LV_EVENT_VALUE_CHANGED) {
        LV_LOG_USER("Toggled");
    }
}

void lv_example_button_1(void)
{
    lv_obj_t * label;

    lv_obj_t * btn1 = lv_button_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_add_event_cb(btn1, event_handler, LV_EVENT_ALL, NULL);
    lv_obj_align(btn1, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, -40);
    lv_obj_remove_flag(btn1, LV_OBJ_FLAG_PRESS_LOCK);

    label = lv_label_create(btn1);
    lv_label_set_text(label, "Button");
    lv_obj_center(label);

    lv_obj_t * btn2 = lv_button_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_add_event_cb(btn2, event_handler, LV_EVENT_ALL, NULL);
    lv_obj_align(btn2, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, 40);
    lv_obj_add_flag(btn2, LV_OBJ_FLAG_CHECKABLE);
    lv_obj_set_height(btn2, LV_SIZE_CONTENT);

    label = lv_label_create(btn2);
    lv_label_set_text(label, "Toggle");
    lv_obj_center(label);

}
#endif

Styling buttons

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_USE_BUTTON && LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES

/**
 * Style a button from scratch
 */
void lv_example_button_2(void)
{
    /*Init the style for the default state*/
    static lv_style_t style;
    lv_style_init(&style);

    lv_style_set_radius(&style, 3);

    lv_style_set_bg_opa(&style, LV_OPA_100);
    lv_style_set_bg_color(&style, lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_BLUE));
    lv_style_set_bg_grad_color(&style, lv_palette_darken(LV_PALETTE_BLUE, 2));
    lv_style_set_bg_grad_dir(&style, LV_GRAD_DIR_VER);

    lv_style_set_border_opa(&style, LV_OPA_40);
    lv_style_set_border_width(&style, 2);
    lv_style_set_border_color(&style, lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_GREY));

    lv_style_set_shadow_width(&style, 8);
    lv_style_set_shadow_color(&style, lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_GREY));
    lv_style_set_shadow_offset_y(&style, 8);

    lv_style_set_outline_opa(&style, LV_OPA_COVER);
    lv_style_set_outline_color(&style, lv_palette_main(LV_PALETTE_BLUE));

    lv_style_set_text_color(&style, lv_color_white());
    lv_style_set_pad_all(&style, 10);

    /*Init the pressed style*/
    static lv_style_t style_pr;
    lv_style_init(&style_pr);

    /*Add a large outline when pressed*/
    lv_style_set_outline_width(&style_pr, 30);
    lv_style_set_outline_opa(&style_pr, LV_OPA_TRANSP);

    lv_style_set_translate_y(&style_pr, 5);
    lv_style_set_shadow_offset_y(&style_pr, 3);
    lv_style_set_bg_color(&style_pr, lv_palette_darken(LV_PALETTE_BLUE, 2));
    lv_style_set_bg_grad_color(&style_pr, lv_palette_darken(LV_PALETTE_BLUE, 4));

    /*Add a transition to the outline*/
    static lv_style_transition_dsc_t trans;
    static lv_style_prop_t props[] = {LV_STYLE_OUTLINE_WIDTH, LV_STYLE_OUTLINE_OPA, 0};
    lv_style_transition_dsc_init(&trans, props, lv_anim_path_linear, 300, 0, NULL);

    lv_style_set_transition(&style_pr, &trans);

    lv_obj_t * btn1 = lv_button_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_remove_style_all(btn1);                          /*Remove the style coming from the theme*/
    lv_obj_add_style(btn1, &style, 0);
    lv_obj_add_style(btn1, &style_pr, LV_STATE_PRESSED);
    lv_obj_set_size(btn1, LV_SIZE_CONTENT, LV_SIZE_CONTENT);
    lv_obj_center(btn1);

    lv_obj_t * label = lv_label_create(btn1);
    lv_label_set_text(label, "Button");
    lv_obj_center(label);
}
#endif

Gummy button

#include "../../lv_examples.h"
#if LV_BUILD_EXAMPLES && LV_USE_BUTTON

/**
 * Create a style transition on a button to act like a gum when clicked
 */
void lv_example_button_3(void)
{
    /*Properties to transition*/
    static lv_style_prop_t props[] = {
        LV_STYLE_TRANSFORM_WIDTH, LV_STYLE_TRANSFORM_HEIGHT, LV_STYLE_TEXT_LETTER_SPACE, 0
    };

    /*Transition descriptor when going back to the default state.
     *Add some delay to be sure the press transition is visible even if the press was very short*/
    static lv_style_transition_dsc_t transition_dsc_def;
    lv_style_transition_dsc_init(&transition_dsc_def, props, lv_anim_path_overshoot, 250, 100, NULL);

    /*Transition descriptor when going to pressed state.
     *No delay, go to presses state immediately*/
    static lv_style_transition_dsc_t transition_dsc_pr;
    lv_style_transition_dsc_init(&transition_dsc_pr, props, lv_anim_path_ease_in_out, 250, 0, NULL);

    /*Add only the new transition to he default state*/
    static lv_style_t style_def;
    lv_style_init(&style_def);
    lv_style_set_transition(&style_def, &transition_dsc_def);

    /*Add the transition and some transformation to the presses state.*/
    static lv_style_t style_pr;
    lv_style_init(&style_pr);
    lv_style_set_transform_width(&style_pr, 10);
    lv_style_set_transform_height(&style_pr, -10);
    lv_style_set_text_letter_space(&style_pr, 10);
    lv_style_set_transition(&style_pr, &transition_dsc_pr);

    lv_obj_t * btn1 = lv_button_create(lv_screen_active());
    lv_obj_align(btn1, LV_ALIGN_CENTER, 0, -80);
    lv_obj_add_style(btn1, &style_pr, LV_STATE_PRESSED);
    lv_obj_add_style(btn1, &style_def, 0);

    lv_obj_t * label = lv_label_create(btn1);
    lv_label_set_text(label, "Gum");
}
#endif

API

lv_button.h

lv_observer.h